Department of Landscape Architecture
In modern Landscape architecture, urban parks and green spaces are established, based on the preservation of existing eco-landscape.
The critical roles of Landscape Architecture to physical space making were recognized with highway construction and residential complex development, which had been planned in the National Comprehensive Development Project. So early 1972, the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture(KILA) had been established, which triggered the theory and practice of urban landscaping with Korean traditional landscape concepts.
The Department of Landscape Architecture at Chonbuk National University was established in 1984. The period of 1990 was characterized to be aware of the necessity of Environmentally Sustainable and Sound Development(ESSD). The global awareness of eco-friendly development launched the new emerging approach in landscape architecture that is eco-landscape planning and design for ecological restoration and natural scenic landscape preservation.
Modern landscape architecture has been working as multi and inter-discipline with urban planning, architecture & engineering, forestry and horticulture, which are recently interacting and cooperating with science of ecology.
The academic sub-fields of landscape architecture are categorized into seven as follows: landscape design, landscape planting & eco-restoration, landscape construction and materials, landscape management & maintenance, landscape information system, CAD/GIS, and the others.
The practical fields of landscape architecture be categorized into three by the system of Korean Standard Industrial Classification:
1) construction engineering field 2) professional service field by science and technological base 3) management & maintenance field.
The landscaping part in construction engineering field is composed of two sub-sector; the first one is specified planting or facilities landscaping and the second general comprehensive landcaping. Professional landscaping service is performed with urban planning and site engineering. Field of management and maintenance on landscape is about street furnitures and planting trees and shrubs.
In 2006, public administration positions of landscape profession were newly created. At the organization of national government officer, two kinds of administration position were reformed, which are 1) structure based landscaping position 2) planting & forest based landscaping position. But these two type positions were unified in the local government officer system in the name of " The Admistration Position for Green Space"
After graduating from the department of Landscape architecture, graduates will be engaged in public offices or semi-public enterprises or private companies:
- National government (Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs(MLTM), Korea Forest Service(KFS)
- Local government
(Administration position for Green Space )
Semi public enterprise
- Korea Land & Housing Corporation(LH)
- Korea Expressway Corporation(EX)
- Korea Water Resources Corporation(K-water)
- Korea National Park Service(KNPS)
- Korea Rural Community Corporation(KR)
- Landscape construction
- Landscape supervising
- Landscape engineering
- Landscape management